Understanding Fallacies

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Fallacy of Distraction

1

False Dilemma

2

From Ignorance
(argumentum ad ignora)

3

Slippery Slope

4

Complex Question

Appeal to Motive in Place of Support

1

Appeal to Force
(argumentum ad baculum)

2

Appeal to Pity
(argumentum ad misercordiam)

3

Appeal to Consequences

4

Prejudicial Language

5

Popularity
(argumentum ad populum)

Change the Subject

1

Attacking the Person
(argumentum ad hominem)

2

Appeal to Authority
(argumentum ad verecundi)

3

Anonymous Authority

4

Style Over Substance

Inductive Fallacy

1

Hasty Generalization

2

Unrepresentative Sample

3

False Analogy

4

Slothful Induction

5

Fallacy of Exclusion

Fallacy Involving Statistical Syllogism

1

Accident

2

Converse Accident

Causal Fallacy

1

Post Hoc
(post hoc ergo propter hoc)

2

Joint Effect

3

Genuine but Insignificant Cause

4

Wrong Direction

5

Complex Cause

Fallacy of Ambiguity

1

Equivocation

2

Amphibology

3

Accent

Category Error

1

Composition

2

Division

3

Cherry Picking

4

Loaded Question

5

Nirvana Fallacy

6

Name Calling

7

Making Excuses

Non Sequitur

1

Affirming the Consequent

2

Denying the Antecedent

3

Inconsistency

Syllogistic Error

1

Fallacy of Four Terms

2

Undistributed Middle

3

Illicit Major

4

Illicit Minor

5

Fallacy of Exclusive Premises

6

Fallacy of Drawing an A

7

Existential Fallacy

Fallacy of Explanation

1

Subverted Support

2

Non-support

3

Untestable

4

Limited Scope

5

Limited Depth

Fallacy of Definition

1

Too Broad

2

Too Narrow

3

Failure to Elucidate

4

Circular Definition

5

Conflicting Conditions

Missing the Point

1

Begging the Question
(petitio principii)

2

Irrelevant Conclustion
(ignoratio elenchi)

3

Straw Man

4

Red Herring

Reference

1

Reference

The content of the Fallacy list originated from Stephen Downes Guide to Logical Fallacies.

 

 

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